Can On-Farm NIR Analysis Improve Feed Management?

Farm Food Management 2Feed cost is one of the largest expenses on dairy farms. In addition to being a major cost, over feeding, under feeding or feeding an improperly balanced diet can impair cow health, decrease milk production, and result in negative environmental impacts. Regular dry matter (DM) testing of feeds and rebalancing the ration to compensate for DM changes ensures that dairy producers are feeding the ration formulated by their nutritionist. Where trade names appear, no discrimination is intended, and no endorsement by Penn State Extension or by the author is implied.

Frequency and Methods of Dry Matter Determination

The frequency at which dairy farms test forages for DM varies from farm to farm. Penn State recommends weekly testing of silage DM. While some test this frequently, many dairy farmers or their nutritionists will test once or twice a month. Less frequent testing results in a greater chance of missing a change in silage DM and an improperly formulated ration.

The most common methods of on-farm DM analysis are using a Koster tester or microwave oven. Either of these methods will work, but they can take 20 to 30 minutes and must be monitored to make sure the samples are not over heated.

Near Infrared (NIR) Analysis

Near-infrared technology has been used in commercial laboratories to analyze feed and other agricultural products for years. NIR measures the light (in the near-infrared spectrum) reflected off of a sample of interest when analyzed in a spectrophotometer. NIR is faster and lower cost than using traditional wet chemistry methods to determine the nutritional composition and DM of feeds.

Only recently has NIR technology been applied to an on-farm setting. On-farm systems work similarly to NIR used in a lab setting; a feed sample is put in front of a scanner, the scanner analyzes the feed sample, and the result is returned to the farmer or nutritionist who then can make management decisions regarding the feed.

On-farm NIR greatly decreases the amount of time it takes for a farmer to receive information about the composition of feed being fed to his dairy cows. Traditional wet chemistry methods of feed analysis often take a week or more from the time the sample is collected to the time the results are returned to the farmer or nutritionist. With laboratory NIR the turnaround time from when a sample is collected to the time the results are back can be decreased to a few days. With on-farm NIR results are returned instantly to the farmer, allowing management decisions to be made on the spot.

Application of On-farm NIR Analysis

One on-farm NIR system available is the Dinamica General precisionFEEDING system. This system utilizes an NIR analyzer mounted in the bucket of the tractor. Each time feed is scooped into the bucket the analyzer scans the feed and the amount of feed needed to be added to the mixer is adjusted based on the DM content of the feed. Samples are also analyzed for crude protein, NDF, ADF, ash, fat, and starch.
Dry matter content of corn silage can vary widely from day to day. While the average of these readings would be around 32 or 33% DM, the range went from as low as 25% DM to as high as 41% DM over the six months shown here. Much of the variation in DM content, especially the very low readings, is likely related to precipitation events. By adjusting the ration on the spot, cows receive a more consistent ration from day to day and feed waste can potentially be reduced.

As an example, if a ration calls for 50 pounds of corn silage on an as-fed basis and DM is assumed to be 33%, 16.5 pounds of corn silage DM will be fed. For each one-point deviation of the actual %DM from the assumed %DM the dairy farmer will over or under feed 0.5 pounds of corn silage per cow per day. If the actual DM of the corn silage is 28% the cows will only receive 14 pounds of corn silage on a dry matter basis.

An Italian study compared dairy farms using on-farm NIR systems (dg precisionFEEDING System) with farms not using the system (study summary). In this study, feed costs were $0.09 per cow per day less and milk production was 5.6 pounds more per cow per day (65.9 vs. 71.5 pounds/cow per day) on farms using the NIR system than on farms not using the system. For a 200-cow dairy this would result in approximately $73,584 of increased revenue from milk sales (assuming $18/cwt milk) and a $6,570 savings in feed cost per year. Increased production was attributed to a more consistent ration being delivered to the herd. Lower feed cost was attributed to being able to feed more precisely to the needs of the herd and thus decreasing feed waste. The study also reported an improvement in the general health of the herd, based on changes in blood parameters and a reduction in mastitis.

Exactly how Animal Agriculture Impacts The Environment?

Animal Enviromental Impact 2We might believe it matters not way too much just what we eat or how our food is produced. Nevertheless, it ends up that the whole planet is now based on the food choices each people makes on a daily basis. It is real to say that many people conscientiously try to reduce their effect on the environment by walking, bike-riding or car-pooling instead of driving, by increasing their very own veggies in your home, as well as by minimizing power consumption. Yet, there is one act that could limit the impact on the environment immensely, which is to just pick what we eat a little bit more carefully.

Extinction of types and danger to water products

Meat as well as dairy manufacturing makes use of a third of world earth’s fresh consuming water. Pet agriculture makes use of 55 % of our fresh water reserves. In order to produce a one pound beef burger, around 3000 litres of fresh water is called for, which includes irrigation of the grains and also lawns in feed plus water for alcohol as well as processing. Consider that a typical bath takes around 80 litres of water whereas the ordinary electrical shower sprays out around 6 litres a minute.

Methane gas from cattle overshadows the damages to the environment from carbon emissions as a result of international production and also transport. Actually, 51 % of all greenhouse gas exhausts originate from pet farming, baseding on the Food and also Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Furthermore, cultivatable land is consumed and forests are hacked to make more space for cattle ranches. Data show that between 4000 to 8000 square meters of virgin rainforest is removed every minute and 91 % of this logging is to make even more area available for pet agriculture. On a daily basis, animal varieties are lost because of rainforest devastation. Animal farming is amongst the leading causes of ocean dead zones, water pollution as well as wild environment devastation.

A person who consumes a vegan diet plan makes 50 % much less CARBON DIOXIDE as well as makes use of an 11th of the nonrenewable fuel sources, a 13th of the water and an 18th of the land as compared to a meat-eater, according to a research study led by ecologist Peter Scarborough and also his team of scientists. Going vegan or taking steps to reduce and/or eventually get rid of animal healthy protein from our diet plans is the most efficient method to decrease our CO2 discharges as well as conserve our water as well as forests.

Popular Machines That Are Used By Farmers

With the increase in population of the country, the demand for food and organic products also surges. The owners of the farm land and farmers have to work hard in order to produce more products, so as to meet the requirements of the ascending population. Everybody is aware of the technological advancements that have occurred in the recent times and how it has changed the way we live. The technology has left its impact on the agriculture sector as well. There are so many farms and agricultural machines that are brought into use by the farmers today. These machines are expensive, but the money is worth when people see the amount of work they can handle along with great precision. The product output can be significantly increased by using these machines. I have outlined some of the agricultural machines that are popular in the agricultural sector.

 

TractorFarm Machine 2

 

A tractor is one of the most commonly used vehicles on the farm. A tractor is used to pull heavy objects and for supplying products needed in the production. A tractor has four wheels, out of which the front pair is smaller than the rear ones. The rear ones are like 5 times larger than the front pair. The tractors have become a lot more modernized today and they are now equipped with more comfortable seats, body and temperature control and durable wheels.

Cultivator

It is vital to cultivate the soil before planting. Stirring and pulverizing the soil are the two best methods to cultivate and aerate the soil. A cultivator is used for this purpose and it has two big wheels at the back and comparatively smaller wheels in the front. A cultivator also has shanks or teeth that will cultivate the soil after the machine is turned on.

Broadcast seeder

A broadcast seeder is a machine that is attached to the tractor, so that the seeds are distributed all over the land in an appropriate way. The seeds are present in a large hopper, which has got multiple blades inside. You will also find the rotating disks, which will spread the seeds in different patterns.

Harvester

When the crop is fully grown, then it is imperative to harvest it on time to avoid it from getting damaged. So, a harvester is used for this purpose. A harvester can harvest all kinds of grains, chop the plants and remove the finished product as well. You can also clean the debris with the harvester.

Sprayer

The biggest concern while growing the crops is pest infestation. Harmful pests can ruin the entire crop and eliminate any chances of making money for the farmers. Therefore, to avoid such a dreadful scenario, sprayers are used to kill the pests, so that the crops can be saved from any damages. This equipment is also useful in the bigger land area. Many people are also using the self-propelled row crop sprayer that has four wheels. This sprayer is found at the back of this equipment. Make sure that you use organic pesticides to spray on the crops

Close Look At Natural Farming

Natural Farming 4Farming is the only indispensable occupation, as it is the source of sustaining life. In addition, this life support system seems to be undergoing a lot of change in terms of cultivation as well as marketing. This mutual change of perception towards farming can be attributed to the fact, that day-by-day, there has been an increase in population, leading to an increased demand for food too Considering this huge demand for vegetables and a gap between the demand and supply of vegetables has led to the introduction of conventional farming to match the requirement. However, various experts have been saying that the yield produced of natural farming are rich with nutrients and, therefore, people should avoid conventional farming. So, before we dig deep into what and how of natural farming, here is a look at what exactly natural farming is all about:

“Natural farming also known as organic farming is an ecological farming method introduced by Japanese. This method focuses at avoidance of manufactured inputs and equipments. In addition, natural farming like its name is focussed at cultivation the natural way.” Experts have been stating that the yield produced out of natural farming are filled with the needed nutrients and prove to be a boon when consumed. Therefore, experts have been suggesting various organic farming methods like using of various organic ingredients instead of chemicals to give the plants the needed strength and nutrition to grow. In addition, organic farming methods also include the use of manure made the natural way through animals and compost instead of fertilizers that increase the risk of the affecting the soil quality after a some years. Farmers who opt for natural farming opt for crop rotation to maintain the quality of the soil.

There are many effective ways of protecting the crop through organic farming methods. Instead of pesticides that in addition to protecting the crop, kill the various natural crop protectors like frogs and birds. Therefore, organic farming methods focus at creating new living areas for wasps, bugs, beetles that are considered to be the best natural pesticides. However, here is a look at the glaring difference between natural farming and conventional farming:

1. Conventional method uses the application of chemical fertilizers to the soil to grow crops, whereas organic builds soil through use of natural ways
2. Conventional way of protecting crops is through spraying insecticides and pesticides whereas organic way encourages on relying on natural enemies of pests.
3. In a conventional method, herbicides are used to control or to remove weeds. However, in an organic way, weeds are manually pulled.

Thus, with stark contrast and salient features, it is proved that natural farming is the best. In addition, it is also suggested by many for the following benefits:

a. Helps the farmers to reduce their production cost
b. Helps healthy farms
c. From a long term perspective, natural farming helps save energy and protect the environment too
d. Helps slow down global warming
e. Does not pollute the ground water
f. Helps balance the biodiversity

Thus, with so many benefits many are trying their level best to shift to natural farming. However, to get maximum yields through natural farming, one needs to know the various ways and techniques thoroughly. Therefore, Mahendra Trivedi reviews regularly the various ways and means of natural farming.

Types of Agriculture Pumps

Agriculture Pump 2

 

Being a farmer, it is always hard for him to find out what works well in his fields. Maintaining the fertility of the soil and keeping it all look green is sometimes one of the hardest battles that a farmer usually face. Unfortunately, if he is not making use of the necessary measures, all his work goes in vain. This is because, other than just maintaining the fertility of the soil there are many other things that are necessary for a farmer to be deemed about. For example, where to get the consistent water flow?…There are basically three factors which are responsible for a high yield in the fields;

Advanced agricultural facilities
Fertilizers
Water pumps for irrigation

Due to growing modern technology, many effective equipments have been designed which has put an impact on the growth of crops in the recent years. Let us find out the different types of water pumps which are being used for agriculture purposes nowadays.

Solar pumps

Solar Pumps, as the name signifies work on the sun power and they possess a photovoltaic cell which takes the sun energy to charge up and the pump starts to work pretty similar to the other ones which are electrically driven. Thus, these pumps are always installed having their photovoltaic cells facing the sun. Due to their high efficiency engines, these pumps are capable to pump gallons of water in a minute.

Submersible Pumps

The best thing about these kinds of pumps units is that these pumps work while having submerged inside the well so the noise factor is reduced in this case. A large number of farmers are opting for the usage of these pumps because they offer high efficiencies, low maintenance, and high capacity engines.

Monoblock Pumps

The monoblock series, as the name suggests is comprised of a compact shape and size units and these pumps are being utilized for varied agricultural applications. They are easy to install and operate and are free of any requirements related to couplings and base plates, which is also a factor that these pump units are quite less costly than the other pump systems. Undoubtedly, monoblock pumps offer a convenient solution to drive water rapidly in the big farms.

Booster Pumps

Booster pumps are most demanded among their supporters and these pumps have a big role to play in driving water faster than the normal in your household water lines. These pumps are comprised of an expansion tank and a bladder and they work via generating pressure in the tank.

Water pumps are no wonder a great facility available for an ordinary farmer. It all depends on which water pump you choose among a variety of options that are available to help support your crops grow beyond your expectations. Above article must have provided you the sufficient information about water pumps and so now you can think of buying one depending upon your requirements.

Wish you a good luck!

Ballantine Releases SEO Authority Guide for New Jersey Companies

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

(Fairfield, NJ)—A Pew Research study indicated nearly eighty-seven percent of adults in the United States use the Internet. Of those adults, seventy percent of them use a search engine regularly. When it comes to the one hundred billion searches that Google handles every month, it is estimated that seventy percent of the links that users click on are non-paid, organic links, and seventy-five percent of those users will not bother to scroll past the first page of results to find what they seek. It has become clear, if a business wants to increase their visibility, they must pay attention to their search engine optimization and rankings.

It is with this key fact in mind that Ballantine, a New Jersey-based print and digital marketing company, has just published their SEO guide for NJ companies. The guide is aimed specifically at helping local companies climb the search engine rankings so that they become more visible to those searching for relevant keywords. Ballantine wants their SEO Authority Guide to be the ultimate resource for companies who want to reach their target audience.

Ryan Cote, a representative of Ballantine in Fairfield NJ, stated, “It’s obvious that those who rank at the top of the search results are the ones getting found online. What many business owners aren’t aware of is the fact that local search rankings are now a key factor in getting customers calling in and coming through the door. Fifty percent of people who conduct a local search on their smartphone and thirty-four percent of people who search for something locally on their laptop or tablet will visit a store that same day. What’s even better is that nearly twenty percent of those people will buy something on that first visit.”

Cote goes on to say, “What all of these statistics mean is that companies who expect to thrive in today’s competitive markets must learn how to rank high in local search, and that’s exactly what our Ultimate Guide to SEO teaches them how to do. Our team has covered all the major aspects of ranking a website higher in the search engines. It’s geared specifically towards fellow New Jersey companies because we want to help them experience the increase in visits and phone calls that we know higher local search rankings can produce.”

“The ultimate goal in any marketing campaign is to increase the bottom line. We know that high local search rankings is what helps business owners achieve this. Our SEO guide gives them exactly what they need design and optimize their website in a way that gets them in front of their target audience and allows them to continue to see their business grow.”

About Ballantine:

Ballantine has been assisting companies nationwide with implementing successful direct marketing campaigns since 1966. Family-owned and operated for three generations, Ballantine offers a full suite of print and digital marketing services aimed at helping brands better understand and reach their target audiences. With the expert application of ever-evolving ideas, strategies, and approaches, each person on the Ballantine team shares a vision of providing personalized and attentive service and delivering solutions that increase their clients’ success.

Media Contact:

Ryan Cote
Fairfield, NJ 07004
Telephone: (973) 305-1500
Email: ryan@ballantine.com
Website:

Source: http://investor.batonrougenews.net/newsnet.batonrougenews/news/read/24835365

Bazetu Beatz Releases New Free Afrotrap Beat For Aspiring Artists And Producers

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

(Lagos, Nigeria)—Contrary to popular belief, the global music industry is still very much alive and thriving. In fact, the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), a non-profit organization that represents the interests of the worldwide recording industry, indicates that the global music market is currently worth fifteen billion dollars. However, with so many people out there promoting their music, it’s vital that those who wish to be heard learn to stand out from the multitude of copycat artists.

It is with this need in mind that Bazetu Beatz, a successful music producer hailing from Lagos, Nigeria, is announcing the release of his new Afrotrap instrumental. This brand new beat is available online at no cost, which means that any artist is able to Download Free Beat and use it as they wish. Bazetu Beatz is releasing the free beat in celebration of his birthday as well as to promote true artistry in the music industry.

Bazetu Beatz, the mastermind behind this promotion, stated “Music is such an important part of so many people’s lives. It is my goal to support up-and-coming artists in reaching their goals. Unfortunately, many aspiring artists don’t have access to big-name producers and therefore cannot release the quality music they want their fans to have. The idea behind giving away the Afrotrap beat is to allow artists to finally have that opportunity without having to think about what it might cost them.”

Beatz goes on to say, “The global music industry invests billions of dollars in artist development. As a successful producer, it’s important for me to participate in their efforts and make a real investment in the next generation of artists. Allowing them to Download Free Instrumental without having to pay for it gives them the freedom to be creative without worry or restraint. In turn, being creative is what helps them stand out from the crowd and get noticed by record companies who can help advance their careers even further.”

“This Afrobeat is quite different from the normal free beats that will be flooding the online community this month. The fact that it is so different from anything out there on the market is what will ensure that it sits well with the fans and artists alike. It’s important that artists are continually able to introduce fresh, new sounds to the world. Enhancing creativity is always the goal, and Afrotrap will help inspire both new and established artists to reach new levels with their art.”

About Bazetu Beatz:

Bazetu Beatz is an artist and a successful music producer who promotes record deals and exceptional musical talent. He is a top-notch industry veteran known for his unconventional sounds and his “gifted hands”. With each new song produced, Bazetu Beatz hopes to have a positive impact on the music industry and inspire the next generation of artists to elevate their creativity.

Media Contact:

Bazetu Beatz
Lagos, Nigeria 23401
Telephone: 2348085618556
Email: bazetu@skillzbeat.com
Website:

Source: http://investor.wallstreetselect.com/wss?Page=MEDIAVIEWER&GUID=31210591

Simply You Weddings Announces Relocation To New Office In Old Town Key West

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

(Key West, FL)—With wedding season right around the corner, Simply You Weddings is announcing their recent relocation to a new office. The office will now be centrally located at 925 Truman Avenue, #2 in Old Town Key West. Clients are welcome to come visit them in the new place during office hours, which are 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. Monday through Friday and by appointment on Saturday.

Julie Shreck, the founder of Simply You Weddings, stated “We are beyond ecstatic about the move we have made to our new office. This location is a little more central than the last, which means we’re easier to get to. The prime season for Key West weddings is coming up in just a few short months, and we sincerely believe that this move will also allow us to better serve the clients who walk through our door. We’ll be able to provide them with the top-notch experience that Simply You Weddings has become known for, and nothing makes us more excited than that.”

Julie Shreck founded Simply You Weddings in 2008 with one mission in mind: to listen deeply to the passions and preferences of their clients in order to discover what truly matters to them and make the vision they have for their special day become a reality. With over 25 years of experience in hospitality and Key West event planning as well as a host of happy families to testify to their amazing service, Simply You Weddings has done that quite well. Now, with a new office location in Old Town Key West, they’ll be able to do it even better.

As Shreck goes on to say, “As the premier Key West wedding planners, we have a responsibility to our clients to provide them with only the best. We realize that we are in the business of making dreams come true. This move to our new office gives us the opportunity to give every client we work with the best possible experience. Our team loves what we get to do, and we are thrilled about continuing to serve the Key West community from our new location.”

About Simply You Weddings:

Simply You was founded by Julie Shreck in 2008. Julie, along with her Simply You team, bring over 25 years of experience in hospitality and event planning to the creation of unique wedding experiences. From coordinating floral design and decor with locations, to catering food and beverage, to transportation and perfect timing, these consummate professionals use their strong connections to the finest locations, vendors, and services throughout the Keys to make wedding dreams come true.

Source: http://www.wflx.com/story/31289708/news

Practical and Helpful Tips: Websites

Tips for Finding a Job in Italy

Would you like to work in Italy? Let’s give you a glimpse of what’s there to expect in that part of the globe!

Job Seeking Tips

If teaching English is not what you would like to do in Italy, here are tips that can help:

> Know what you want and try to sound confident of yourself and your abilities.

> Have your CV translated to Italian. If you do not know that much Italian, it would be worth the expense to hire a professional translator.

> Don’t fake your Italian proficiency as potential employers will surely test you during your interview.

> Scan regional and local job listings in newspapers and personally visit companies. People usually remember faces more than names. Making a personal impression on a probable employer can offer benefits over the long term.

> As well, ensure that all your university degrees and certificates have been properly translated to Italian. This will demonstrate your willingness to blend in with the Italian culture, as well as your sincere desire to land work.

> Italian employers are now accepting most university degrees obtained in Europe. However, if you obtained your degree in, for instance, the United States, you may want to call a local university and find out what the Italian equivalent will be.

Rome

Of course, the place where you go searching for a job has a lot to do with what kind of work to do and what industry you want to join. People automatically think of Rome when they think of Italy. Rome has dozens of diplomatic missions, international media offices, and various services companies. Additionally, Rome is home to a huge international airport and several international schools, which could be a deciding factor for expats who are planning to move with their families.

Milan

If you’re involved in the banking industry, try moving up to Milan, which may well be your best choice. Notwithstanding the economic crisis that has affected the finance sector, Milan remains one of the world’s biggest financial centers. And even if there’s a recession ongoing, earners in Milan have brought country the highest average income on a yearly basis. As the seat of the Italian stock exchange, it is where a lot of international banks have put up shop too. Today, Milan is the number one textile and garment exporter in Italy. Of course, it’s common knowledge all those internationally famous fashion brands like Versace and Prada are mainly headquartered here.

Sicily and Sardinia

Lastly, if your intention is to eventually become self-employed and have a tourism-oriented business, you should consider Sicily and Sardinia. Although the two islands are now practically bursting with hotels and other tourism-related businesses, if you are sure that you can offer something unique to the market, then it’s definitely worth a try! But keep in mind that you first have to be a legal resident before you can apply for self-employment, and that your social security and health insurance, as well as those of your future employees, will have to be paid by you.

Source: curriculum vitae pdf

Capt’n Crush Ray Sets Three New Golf World Records With CopperJoint Sleeve

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

ELKHART, Ind. — CopperJoint sponsored professional golfer Lynn “Capt’n Crush” Ray set three world records recently while using the company’s innovative copper elbow sleeve. Wearing a CopperJoint elbow compression sleeve at the recent 2016 Golf Fest Show in Mesa, Arizona, Ray set a new world record for the longest low-elevation carry of a backwards-swinging golf drive at 294 yards, 1 foot and 4 inches, a Guinness-certified accomplishment. At the same event, Ray set a new unofficial record for the most full-swing golf drives in an hour, striking a total of 1090 balls down range.

Ray followed this pair of performances with another Guinness World Record at the second leg of the 2016 Golf Fest circuit in San Diego on March 4, beating his own previous high mark by driving 469 golf balls 300 yards or further in sixty minutes. Ray credits the CopperJoint elbow sleeve with greatly alleviating the joint pain he used to experience, saying in a new interview at the company’s website “It is a great product and I won’t hit another golf ball without it on.”

“One of the most rewarding things about this business is seeing what a difference our products make for so many hard-working athletes,” CopperJoint CEO Jon Deal said, “We’ve been big fans of Capt’n Crush for many years and have followed his impressive career with great interest. We were thrilled when he accepted our offer of a sponsorship after having already started wearing our CopperJoint sleeve on his own. Lynn’s record-setting performances at the recent Golf Fest Shows were amazing to behold, and we are truly proud to be able to support such a devoted athlete.”

Made using a proprietary, patented process that allows pure, elemental copper to be incorporated into nylon at a fundamental level, the CopperJoint family of compression sleeves are favorites of everyone from active athletes to those suffering from degenerative conditions like arthritis. Designed to provide effective joint support and promote recovery from injuries by encouraging blood circulation, the copper-infused compression sleeves also wick moisture and prevent bacterial growth and the development of odors.

With many athletes and others now discovering the benefits of these unique products, achievements like those of Lynn “Capt’n Crush” Ray at the two recent 2016 Golf Fest Shows help to spread the word even further. As a CopperJoint sponsored athlete, Ray wears one of the company’s elbow sleeves in training and in competitions, as he details in an extensive new interview now online at CopperJoint.com, where links to YouTube videos of his record-setting performances can also be found.

About CopperJoint:
Incorporating the regenerative, anti-microbial power of pure copper into top-quality, 4-way knee, ankle, and elbow compression sleeves, the CopperJoint family of products supports everyone from hard-training athletes to those who suffer from degenerative joint conditions.

Source: http://markets.financialcontent.com/mi.sacbee/news/read/31707282/Capt’n_Crush_Ray_Sets_Three_New_Golf_World_Records_With_CopperJoint_Sleeve