Can On-Farm NIR Analysis Improve Feed Management?

Farm Food Management 2Feed cost is one of the largest expenses on dairy farms. In addition to being a major cost, over feeding, under feeding or feeding an improperly balanced diet can impair cow health, decrease milk production, and result in negative environmental impacts. Regular dry matter (DM) testing of feeds and rebalancing the ration to compensate for DM changes ensures that dairy producers are feeding the ration formulated by their nutritionist. Where trade names appear, no discrimination is intended, and no endorsement by Penn State Extension or by the author is implied.

Frequency and Methods of Dry Matter Determination

The frequency at which dairy farms test forages for DM varies from farm to farm. Penn State recommends weekly testing of silage DM. While some test this frequently, many dairy farmers or their nutritionists will test once or twice a month. Less frequent testing results in a greater chance of missing a change in silage DM and an improperly formulated ration.

The most common methods of on-farm DM analysis are using a Koster tester or microwave oven. Either of these methods will work, but they can take 20 to 30 minutes and must be monitored to make sure the samples are not over heated.

Near Infrared (NIR) Analysis

Near-infrared technology has been used in commercial laboratories to analyze feed and other agricultural products for years. NIR measures the light (in the near-infrared spectrum) reflected off of a sample of interest when analyzed in a spectrophotometer. NIR is faster and lower cost than using traditional wet chemistry methods to determine the nutritional composition and DM of feeds.

Only recently has NIR technology been applied to an on-farm setting. On-farm systems work similarly to NIR used in a lab setting; a feed sample is put in front of a scanner, the scanner analyzes the feed sample, and the result is returned to the farmer or nutritionist who then can make management decisions regarding the feed.

On-farm NIR greatly decreases the amount of time it takes for a farmer to receive information about the composition of feed being fed to his dairy cows. Traditional wet chemistry methods of feed analysis often take a week or more from the time the sample is collected to the time the results are returned to the farmer or nutritionist. With laboratory NIR the turnaround time from when a sample is collected to the time the results are back can be decreased to a few days. With on-farm NIR results are returned instantly to the farmer, allowing management decisions to be made on the spot.

Application of On-farm NIR Analysis

One on-farm NIR system available is the Dinamica General precisionFEEDING system. This system utilizes an NIR analyzer mounted in the bucket of the tractor. Each time feed is scooped into the bucket the analyzer scans the feed and the amount of feed needed to be added to the mixer is adjusted based on the DM content of the feed. Samples are also analyzed for crude protein, NDF, ADF, ash, fat, and starch.
Dry matter content of corn silage can vary widely from day to day. While the average of these readings would be around 32 or 33% DM, the range went from as low as 25% DM to as high as 41% DM over the six months shown here. Much of the variation in DM content, especially the very low readings, is likely related to precipitation events. By adjusting the ration on the spot, cows receive a more consistent ration from day to day and feed waste can potentially be reduced.

As an example, if a ration calls for 50 pounds of corn silage on an as-fed basis and DM is assumed to be 33%, 16.5 pounds of corn silage DM will be fed. For each one-point deviation of the actual %DM from the assumed %DM the dairy farmer will over or under feed 0.5 pounds of corn silage per cow per day. If the actual DM of the corn silage is 28% the cows will only receive 14 pounds of corn silage on a dry matter basis.

An Italian study compared dairy farms using on-farm NIR systems (dg precisionFEEDING System) with farms not using the system (study summary). In this study, feed costs were $0.09 per cow per day less and milk production was 5.6 pounds more per cow per day (65.9 vs. 71.5 pounds/cow per day) on farms using the NIR system than on farms not using the system. For a 200-cow dairy this would result in approximately $73,584 of increased revenue from milk sales (assuming $18/cwt milk) and a $6,570 savings in feed cost per year. Increased production was attributed to a more consistent ration being delivered to the herd. Lower feed cost was attributed to being able to feed more precisely to the needs of the herd and thus decreasing feed waste. The study also reported an improvement in the general health of the herd, based on changes in blood parameters and a reduction in mastitis.

Exactly how Animal Agriculture Impacts The Environment?

Animal Enviromental Impact 2We might believe it matters not way too much just what we eat or how our food is produced. Nevertheless, it ends up that the whole planet is now based on the food choices each people makes on a daily basis. It is real to say that many people conscientiously try to reduce their effect on the environment by walking, bike-riding or car-pooling instead of driving, by increasing their very own veggies in your home, as well as by minimizing power consumption. Yet, there is one act that could limit the impact on the environment immensely, which is to just pick what we eat a little bit more carefully.

Extinction of types and danger to water products

Meat as well as dairy manufacturing makes use of a third of world earth’s fresh consuming water. Pet agriculture makes use of 55 % of our fresh water reserves. In order to produce a one pound beef burger, around 3000 litres of fresh water is called for, which includes irrigation of the grains and also lawns in feed plus water for alcohol as well as processing. Consider that a typical bath takes around 80 litres of water whereas the ordinary electrical shower sprays out around 6 litres a minute.

Methane gas from cattle overshadows the damages to the environment from carbon emissions as a result of international production and also transport. Actually, 51 % of all greenhouse gas exhausts originate from pet farming, baseding on the Food and also Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Furthermore, cultivatable land is consumed and forests are hacked to make more space for cattle ranches. Data show that between 4000 to 8000 square meters of virgin rainforest is removed every minute and 91 % of this logging is to make even more area available for pet agriculture. On a daily basis, animal varieties are lost because of rainforest devastation. Animal farming is amongst the leading causes of ocean dead zones, water pollution as well as wild environment devastation.

A person who consumes a vegan diet plan makes 50 % much less CARBON DIOXIDE as well as makes use of an 11th of the nonrenewable fuel sources, a 13th of the water and an 18th of the land as compared to a meat-eater, according to a research study led by ecologist Peter Scarborough and also his team of scientists. Going vegan or taking steps to reduce and/or eventually get rid of animal healthy protein from our diet plans is the most efficient method to decrease our CO2 discharges as well as conserve our water as well as forests.

Popular Machines That Are Used By Farmers

With the increase in population of the country, the demand for food and organic products also surges. The owners of the farm land and farmers have to work hard in order to produce more products, so as to meet the requirements of the ascending population. Everybody is aware of the technological advancements that have occurred in the recent times and how it has changed the way we live. The technology has left its impact on the agriculture sector as well. There are so many farms and agricultural machines that are brought into use by the farmers today. These machines are expensive, but the money is worth when people see the amount of work they can handle along with great precision. The product output can be significantly increased by using these machines. I have outlined some of the agricultural machines that are popular in the agricultural sector.


TractorFarm Machine 2


A tractor is one of the most commonly used vehicles on the farm. A tractor is used to pull heavy objects and for supplying products needed in the production. A tractor has four wheels, out of which the front pair is smaller than the rear ones. The rear ones are like 5 times larger than the front pair. The tractors have become a lot more modernized today and they are now equipped with more comfortable seats, body and temperature control and durable wheels.


It is vital to cultivate the soil before planting. Stirring and pulverizing the soil are the two best methods to cultivate and aerate the soil. A cultivator is used for this purpose and it has two big wheels at the back and comparatively smaller wheels in the front. A cultivator also has shanks or teeth that will cultivate the soil after the machine is turned on.

Broadcast seeder

A broadcast seeder is a machine that is attached to the tractor, so that the seeds are distributed all over the land in an appropriate way. The seeds are present in a large hopper, which has got multiple blades inside. You will also find the rotating disks, which will spread the seeds in different patterns.


When the crop is fully grown, then it is imperative to harvest it on time to avoid it from getting damaged. So, a harvester is used for this purpose. A harvester can harvest all kinds of grains, chop the plants and remove the finished product as well. You can also clean the debris with the harvester.


The biggest concern while growing the crops is pest infestation. Harmful pests can ruin the entire crop and eliminate any chances of making money for the farmers. Therefore, to avoid such a dreadful scenario, sprayers are used to kill the pests, so that the crops can be saved from any damages. This equipment is also useful in the bigger land area. Many people are also using the self-propelled row crop sprayer that has four wheels. This sprayer is found at the back of this equipment. Make sure that you use organic pesticides to spray on the crops

Close Look At Natural Farming

Natural Farming 4Farming is the only indispensable occupation, as it is the source of sustaining life. In addition, this life support system seems to be undergoing a lot of change in terms of cultivation as well as marketing. This mutual change of perception towards farming can be attributed to the fact, that day-by-day, there has been an increase in population, leading to an increased demand for food too Considering this huge demand for vegetables and a gap between the demand and supply of vegetables has led to the introduction of conventional farming to match the requirement. However, various experts have been saying that the yield produced of natural farming are rich with nutrients and, therefore, people should avoid conventional farming. So, before we dig deep into what and how of natural farming, here is a look at what exactly natural farming is all about:

“Natural farming also known as organic farming is an ecological farming method introduced by Japanese. This method focuses at avoidance of manufactured inputs and equipments. In addition, natural farming like its name is focussed at cultivation the natural way.” Experts have been stating that the yield produced out of natural farming are filled with the needed nutrients and prove to be a boon when consumed. Therefore, experts have been suggesting various organic farming methods like using of various organic ingredients instead of chemicals to give the plants the needed strength and nutrition to grow. In addition, organic farming methods also include the use of manure made the natural way through animals and compost instead of fertilizers that increase the risk of the affecting the soil quality after a some years. Farmers who opt for natural farming opt for crop rotation to maintain the quality of the soil.

There are many effective ways of protecting the crop through organic farming methods. Instead of pesticides that in addition to protecting the crop, kill the various natural crop protectors like frogs and birds. Therefore, organic farming methods focus at creating new living areas for wasps, bugs, beetles that are considered to be the best natural pesticides. However, here is a look at the glaring difference between natural farming and conventional farming:

1. Conventional method uses the application of chemical fertilizers to the soil to grow crops, whereas organic builds soil through use of natural ways
2. Conventional way of protecting crops is through spraying insecticides and pesticides whereas organic way encourages on relying on natural enemies of pests.
3. In a conventional method, herbicides are used to control or to remove weeds. However, in an organic way, weeds are manually pulled.

Thus, with stark contrast and salient features, it is proved that natural farming is the best. In addition, it is also suggested by many for the following benefits:

a. Helps the farmers to reduce their production cost
b. Helps healthy farms
c. From a long term perspective, natural farming helps save energy and protect the environment too
d. Helps slow down global warming
e. Does not pollute the ground water
f. Helps balance the biodiversity

Thus, with so many benefits many are trying their level best to shift to natural farming. However, to get maximum yields through natural farming, one needs to know the various ways and techniques thoroughly. Therefore, Mahendra Trivedi reviews regularly the various ways and means of natural farming.

Types of Agriculture Pumps

Agriculture Pump 2


Being a farmer, it is always hard for him to find out what works well in his fields. Maintaining the fertility of the soil and keeping it all look green is sometimes one of the hardest battles that a farmer usually face. Unfortunately, if he is not making use of the necessary measures, all his work goes in vain. This is because, other than just maintaining the fertility of the soil there are many other things that are necessary for a farmer to be deemed about. For example, where to get the consistent water flow?…There are basically three factors which are responsible for a high yield in the fields;

Advanced agricultural facilities
Water pumps for irrigation

Due to growing modern technology, many effective equipments have been designed which has put an impact on the growth of crops in the recent years. Let us find out the different types of water pumps which are being used for agriculture purposes nowadays.

Solar pumps

Solar Pumps, as the name signifies work on the sun power and they possess a photovoltaic cell which takes the sun energy to charge up and the pump starts to work pretty similar to the other ones which are electrically driven. Thus, these pumps are always installed having their photovoltaic cells facing the sun. Due to their high efficiency engines, these pumps are capable to pump gallons of water in a minute.

Submersible Pumps

The best thing about these kinds of pumps units is that these pumps work while having submerged inside the well so the noise factor is reduced in this case. A large number of farmers are opting for the usage of these pumps because they offer high efficiencies, low maintenance, and high capacity engines.

Monoblock Pumps

The monoblock series, as the name suggests is comprised of a compact shape and size units and these pumps are being utilized for varied agricultural applications. They are easy to install and operate and are free of any requirements related to couplings and base plates, which is also a factor that these pump units are quite less costly than the other pump systems. Undoubtedly, monoblock pumps offer a convenient solution to drive water rapidly in the big farms.

Booster Pumps

Booster pumps are most demanded among their supporters and these pumps have a big role to play in driving water faster than the normal in your household water lines. These pumps are comprised of an expansion tank and a bladder and they work via generating pressure in the tank.

Water pumps are no wonder a great facility available for an ordinary farmer. It all depends on which water pump you choose among a variety of options that are available to help support your crops grow beyond your expectations. Above article must have provided you the sufficient information about water pumps and so now you can think of buying one depending upon your requirements.

Wish you a good luck!

European Marketing Giant GoSocial Purchases Nebraska based PAR Program for $12M


(Zurich, Switzerland)–European digital marketing giant, GoSocial recently announced the purchase of Lincoln, Nebraska based PAR Program, INC for 12 million. PAR Program, Inc, is an innovative Internet marketing company offering unequaled e-commerce services, provides website evaluation, client base targeting, recommended marketing channels and a host of other add-on services. Furthermore, the hallmark of the company is its proprietary software, People Acquisition and Retention (PAR).

PAR is an automated, highly user-friendly system which provides invaluable metrics to marketing departments. According to Jeremy Schoemaker, founder and CEO of PAR Program, the program provides ROI computations, demographic reporting, flexibility, transparency, and customer retention, all of which are all highly desired features which PAR provides with ease. Says Schoemaker, who also runs the popular blog, “I have put my blood, sweat, and tears into this email platform for the last year. I couldn’t be happier that it is under the GoSocial umbrella and look forward to working with them”

This was a worthwhile investment, according to a GoSocial spokesperson, who released a statement saying, “We are delighted to include this awesome e-mail retention tool into the GoSocial family. PAR Program has already proven itself as a second-to-none solution provider in the industry as email marketing platform.”

Email has grown as an integral component of customer retention, helping to individualize correspondence and remove the stigma from the marketing game. Social media, on the other hand, generates the interactive experience customers have grown to expect with the companies with which they do business. By combining both of these key features, GoSocial can now better cater to clients’ needs from both of these angles.

About Go Social:

GoSocial is a global player in the social media marketing industry, specializing in affiliate marketing. The GoSocial organization is represented in USA, Canada, Switzerland, Denmark, Norway, Romania and Mexico and has been working in the online marketing industry since 1999.

About Jeremy Schoemaker:

Jeremy Schoemaker also known by the moniker ShoeMoney on the internet, is making his 4th company sale in the last 7 years. Mr Schoemaker also runs a very popular blog at

About Par Program INC:

PAR Program was founded by Jeremy Schoemaker in March 2015. Since its launch, it has made a global impact in the world of internet marketing, acquiring over 60 industry leading clients such as Blu electronic cigarettes, BabyAge, Chitika, Top Velocity, and even serviced government programs like Nebraska’s First Time Homebuyer program and many other industry-leading brands.

Media Contact

James Thompson
Zurich, Switzerland
Telephone: 402 306 5750


Multiturf Sport Launches Revamped Portfolio in Celebration of Recent Milestone


(Johannesburg, South Africa)– Though water is a vital component in healthy plant growth, muddy conditions resulting from excessive rainfall can have an array of negative impacts on lawns, gardens and sports arenas. The Synthetic grass development and installation team of Multiturf Sport has witnessed firsthand these cosmetic and economical effects on local homes and businesses as well as the performance-related repercussions in various sporting divisions. Since the introduction of their sports-based product line, the company has renovated more than 200 playing fields.

In celebrations of this success, spokesperson Phill Hunter has recently launched the company’s revamped portfolio highlighting the results of their football projects. Phill Hunter confirmed, “We’ve improved the appearance and functionality of thousands of lawns and gardens in the 10 years since we began offering our Artificial grass while also greatly decreasing the cost and effort involved in maintenance for home and business owners. Through our Multiturf Sport line, we extended those services to area playing fields of all types. The latest of these is our new release of sports products which feture at 15 sports venues in South Africa.”

Among the region’s increasingly popular 5-a-side football venues, the Soca arena was constructed on the roof of the Gateway Shopping Centre. This locale provides a safe field for novice as well as professional-level athletes in football training. The site likewise doubles as an event venue for local clubs and social events. On the arena’s official website, Multiturf Sport’s contribution to recent renovation efforts are referred to as “the latest technology in artificial grass”.

A turn-key establishment, Multiturf Sport eliminates the need for outside sub-contractors on all the company’s projects. Offering the latest developments in Astro turf for a range of venues, their network of supply and installation specialists provide nationwide outreach aided by state-of-the-art equipment. They offer a range of products, textures and pile heights for solutions tailored specifically to the needs of each client.

Concluded Phill Hunter, “We take a great deal of pride in the fruits of our labors as well as the positive influences these projects have on the communities we serve. Our focus is, and always will be, delivering the highest possible level of quality in products and services to our clients across South Africa. We look forward to continued partnerships with home and business owners throughout the region and will update our product lines as additional needs of the public come to light. Anyone interested in transforming their property is encouraged to check out our new portfolio and find out how our agents can help.”

About Multiturf Sport:

Based in Kwa Zulu Natal and the greater Durban area, Multiturf Sport offers products and services throughout South Africa via a national network of professional agents. Their teams have transformed thousands of lawns, gardens and sports venues to date adhering to the highest possible standards of quality in each aspect of their business.

Media Contact:

Phill Hunter
Johannesburg, South Africa
083 262 9442


A Simple Plan: Links

Why Would Anyone Pay For SEO Link Building Services

What’s link building all about anyway?

Link building is all about getting links from authority sites, quality sites, and relevant sites. Relevant and quality must be stressed here. If you’re successful on this, you’ll definitely win when it comes to getting high search engine rankings.

It is safe to assume then than link building is one of the most vital feature of search engine optimization.

Unlike when it all began, the entire process was very simple. But now, with the latest Google Penguin algorithm, the whole link building process has changed into something a bit more complicated. So nowadays, it’s necessary to hire real experts in order to get real results from link building.

So what are the benefits of PROPER link building solutions?

Put Your Website On The Map – The Search Engine Map

According to extensive research, it’s been found that only 7% of sales happen on the internet and about 89% happen offline. But one thing that’s similar in both cases is that before customers invest on any services or products, they read or research about them first.

And when it comes online, the only way to do that is via search engines. Meaning, when the website has good search engine rankings, it can acquire more visitors, and has more chances for sales.

Another important factor is the inbound links. The more quality links you have on your website, the better relationship you build with the major search engine, Google.

Ascertain Yourself As A Professional

It doesn’t matter which market you belong, there will be an informal community for your potential customer to visit online. Such communities will be filled with portals, magazines, forums, groups, experts, commentators, news sites, blogs, articles, and more. That’s why people visit these sites – they would want to search for the best products, services, or companies. And of course, when you’re on these sites, you will create an impression that you are a leading brand worthy of attention and trust.

The Best Links Last A Long Time

Top quality links on your websites are able to get a solid position. This helps in generating website visits and increasing sales. Whether or not it is Google, all search engines look primarily at the age of links Therefore, the value of the generated inbound links to your website only keeps on growing. Links really affect your search engine ranking and therefore provide you with more website visitors.

The benefits mentioned above are only the main benefits of hiring a professional link building service provider. Their specialty and experience are beneficial for your website as they can absolutely improve your search engine rankings and visibility, thereby helping you gain good reputation in the global platform.

Source: link building service

Learning The “Secrets” of Companies

The Benefits of Hiring Commercial Cleaners

There are several companies that are abstaining from hiring commercial cleaners and they think that this is an additional expense for them. Because of this, they do the job on their won and such is not a qualitative work. When you want to take your company to a greater level, then what you must do is that you should have to think of maintaining its cleanliness and you can do this through hiring commercial cleaners. Probably, you are thinking about hiring them in the future as well but knowing the advantages on hiring commercial cleaners will surely guide you.

A great thing that comes to hiring a commercial leaner is that you can have the peace of mind. What is great about having a professional cleaning team is that you don’t need to worry about cleaning the dirt or filth on your own. You can chill out knowing the fact that experts will do the cleaning according to the requirements. Perhaps, they are going to do it better as compared to you or any other worker. You can just relax and just wait for the job to be finished.

When it comes to hiring a commercial cleaner, you can save a lot of money. You can hire a regular employee for cleaning but will be asking a higher wage. Moreover, the commercial cleaners are going to charge low and they can also clean the place in a professional way. Moreover, there are many cleaning companies that give huge discounts with long-term contracts that helps you save more money.

Moreover, you will enjoy the convenience because there are professionals or experts who can take care of the job. You can make a clean-up schedule based on comfort. The cleaning companies will be able to work with you to make sure that you get the services based to your suitability.

The employees in cleaning companies are really trained and skilled because they are quite efficient when it comes to providing their services and they can also maintain their work’s quality. They utilize the advanced methods of cleaning in order to achieve excellent outputs.

Having a clean as well as healthy environment is really important to keep the visitors and the employees physically fit. Commercial cleaners have a good knowledge about what products to use for cleaning and how to keep the surfaces clean using various techniques. Their work can ensure a hearty atmosphere in the work premises.

Also, it is really important that you nourish the atmosphere in the business environment since this can help in increasing the productivity as well as in obtaining more traffic to the business area. Because of this, hiring a commercial cleaner is really a great solution to go for.


News For This Month: Cleaners

Methods in Carpet Cleaning That Actually Work

Carpets are widely used in household since it has become a necessity to keep the house warm especially during cold seasons. Relative to the wide variations of design available, carpets are also being used as decorations for the home. These carpets are very vulnerable to dust and other type of dirt. Often times, stains are very stubborn to clean which makes it time consuming to clean off some types of dirt. Even though there are some specific ways to clean a carpet, special cleaning materials and detergents are necessary to make cleaning a lot easier. If you feel like all the methods you have tried in cleaning your carpet has unsuccessful results, it is probably best for you to contact a carpet cleaning expert.

There are techniques that are proven to be effective in carpet cleaning. On is the Carpet absorbent technique. Cleaning out organic dirt that can be easily dissolved by water is perfect of this type of technique. The process of this technique involves using cleaning solutions to be sprayed with water on the stained area and then soaking up the carpet to enable the stain to dissolve, then vacuuming when dry. This method do not require very much effort since you only leave the carpet to soak and let the water with solvent do the cleaning. In addition to this, only a few minutes is required for you to dry them up after cleaning.

Another method in cleaning is the Bonnet technique. This is the method that must be used when it comes to cleaning specific parts of the carpet with stubborn stains. This is a form of dry cleaning that uses a brush in scrubbing off dirt and dust in order to remove the stubborn stains on specific areas. A opposed to the first technique discusses, this requires very minimal use of water.

Steam cleaning is a method that is widely used technique in cleaning carpets for households. This technique is done my vacuuming the carpet in order to remove solid particles such as dust and to remove certain types of dirt. The next step is to put some pressure on the carpet by using hot water to remove the stains. You can also apply some shampoo or cleaning detergent to enhance your cleaning in removing certain types of stain. The shampoo and detergent helps in dissolving stubborn dirt particles and stains that is entrenched in your carpet.

A good fifteen to thirty minutes in required in applying the shampoo or cleaning detergent on the carpet before you can proceed to the steaming. After this, the work will be done by the hot steamy water by further dissolving the dirt particles and other stubborn stains on your carpet.